Ancient World: Newton’s Chronology Review by Raymond Towers

The Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms Amended is an approximately 87,000-word composition written by Sir Isaac Newton, first published posthumously in 1728 in limited supply.[1] Since then it had been republished in mass paperback format. The work represents one of Newton’s forays into the topic of chronology, detailing the rise and history of various ancient kingdoms throughout antiquity. – Wikipedia

Download this book from Project Gutenberg.


Video ends abruptly.

YT description: When one thinks of Sir Isaac Newton, one normally thinks of a great scientist and mathematician. However, one does not normally think of Newton as a historian. Such was the greatness of his intellect, that he found history a pleasant diversion for his idle moments. He drafted a book on the ancient history and the Gentile nations and worked on it periodically for over forty years but never published it. It was published posthumously in 1728, a year after he died.

Title: Isaac Newton’s Chronology of Ancient Kingdoms (YT link) Uploaded by Abrahamic Faith.

Newton’s Historical Chronology

Condensed by Raymond Towers

I can’t remember where I first heard about this historical chronology. My best guess is that it came from the show that covers all things alternative, the One People Round Table. (The two savvy hosts have since gone on to produce two separate shows, called Deconstructing The Construct and Transpicuous Views, both found on Youtube.) The full title of this tome is The Chronology Of Ancient Kingdoms, written by Sir Isaac Newton in 1728. Also through the One People show, I heard about another equally intriguing volume titled A Child’s History Of England by Charles Dickens. I have been successful in tracking down PDF copies of both books, which I hope to peruse and review as time allows. In addition, I read somewhere that Mark Twain also wrote some sort historical timeline, but so far I haven’t been able to identify and obtain that one.

First will come Newton’s chronology. My PDF copy is 160 pages long. It is written in a very condensed manner already, with one sentence representing a full and complex, and often historically profound event. This is like saying World War II was a second epic armed conflict involving the nations of numerous countries that changed the political face of the world. You get the idea that it must have been a tremendous war, but there are no details as to who did what, when, where, why or how. In many cases, Newton wrote Person A did this or that to Person B, but unfortunately, even knowing the names of the persons involved, there is no further comment on why the persons were mentioned or what their historical significance was. I could similarly write: Donald Trump was sworn in as president of the United States in early 2017, but that doesn’t tell us all that much, does it?

For the purposes of my review, I will condense Newton’s material even further. I must necessarily narrow my focus to ideas or events I already know about, unless I want to jump into the eternal end of the swimming pool and look up every one-liner in the book to find out why Newton felt it necessary to include them. I will expand on the notes I feel I can expand on, and mention items I find curious or that I may delve deeper into in the future. This will include most Newton’s historical and mythological notes that I feel are relevant to my personal studies in occult knowledge. After going through only the first few pages, I can see already that there is a great wealth of information to be browsed through.

There are errors in the official narrative that Newton had to work with, by the way, as we see pointed out in the book’s introduction section. Some Greek historians stretched out shorter kingly reigns into full family generations, for example, with the result that Grecian history might appear to be 3 or 4 hundred years older than it really is. Later historians took the information and ran with it, thus continuing the error on down the ages. Even back then, historian Plutarch complained that contemporary chronologists sometimes contradicted each other with their dates. In several cases, one person was wrongly written in as having been two different people in different time periods, such as Ariadne, who is shown to be the mistress of Bacchus and also the mistress of Theseus. Her father King Minos ended up becoming two separate King Minos. Historian Ctesais, in his wisdom, set Semiramis 1500 years too early, and then invented a list of Assyrian kings that didn’t even have Assyrian names! In another example of romanticism and fraud, a king ended up being 300 years older than his brother! I can see now why a brilliant scientist and occultist such as Newton wanted to get things organized, and how frustrating it must have been for him to put this volume together.

Update: For my purposes, I’ve decided to stick only to the first section of Newton’s book. This is the abbreviated and most concise part. The remainder of the book is written out in a very dry fashion where Newton goes on to explain how he arrived at many of his conclusions. It’s all scientific explanation, instead of the dates and supposed facts that I was looking for.

A Short Chronology

Pre-1125 BCE – At the start of this section, the first thing we read about is a man named Joshua chasing the Canaanites into Egypt, where they take over the city of Thammuz. These Canaanites are described as flesh eaters and sacrificers of men in the manner of the Phoenicians. The Egyptians referred to these people as Shepherds. The Egyptians hated these flesh eaters and called them abominations, as Egyptian people lived off the fruit of the land and did not eat flesh.

I will refer the reader to Exodus of 8:26 in the Bible, where Moses states that the Egyptians called the Hebrews abominations because of their ‘sacrifices.’ This reinforces my research that the Phoenicians, the Carthaginians and the Old Testament Canaanites sacrificed humans (firstborn children, prisoners of war) and probably ate their flesh in the name of their bull gods. For the Hebrews of the Bible, this is El of the Old Testament. In Malta, this god was Baal-Hammon, and in Tyre / Troy this may have been Melquart. All of these gods are associated with Saturn / Chronos, who in Greek mythology eats his children.

1125 BCE – King Mephres of Egypt drives out the Shepherds from Egypt and into Canaan (Palestine, Syria, but also Greece and Libya). These Shepherd exiles would most likely become the Hyksos / Hibiru / Hebrew. This Egyptian expulsion is covered up by today’s Jews into the fallacy we know as the Biblical Exodus of the time of Moses.

1100 BCE – The Philistines / Palestinians, with the help of the Shepherds, conquer Israel and take the Ark of the Covenant.

1070 BCE – Tethmosis abolishes Phoenician human sacrifice in Heliopolis. He also drives the Shepherds out of Abaris (location?).

1069 BCE – Saul becomes king of Israel and defeats the Philistines.

1059 BCE – David becomes king of Israel.

1048 BCE – King David disperses the Edomites. The Edomites translate the word Erythrea into Phoenicia and rename their people.

1047 BCE – The Phoenicians kidnap Greek women who come to their ships to purchase merchandise from them.

1045 BCE – The Phoenicians bring with them Mystery School, Arts and Sciences teachings into several cities, including Curetes and Corybantes (locations unknown).

1035 BCE – Iron is found on Mt. Ida in Crete. Forgers and smiths begin producing armor. They dance while wearing armor in a Cretan cave to honor their god Jupiter.

1034 BCE – Ammon rules in Egypt and civilizes the savages in Libya. The Egyptians begin to use astronomy to navigate the seas without having to keep their ships close to shore.

1030 BCE – Ceres of Sicily teaches the Greeks how to grow corn. She is deified after death.

1019 BCE – King Solomon marries the daughter of King Ammon.

1017 BCE – Solomon builds Tyre / Troy.

1015 BCE – The Temple of Solomon is built. Minos expels his father Asterius out of Crete and becomes king. Asterius flees to Italy and becomes known as Saturn.

1008 BCE – Sesac, son of Ammon, invades Africa and Spain. He erects pillars in the places he conquers. (Could these include the Scipi of Melqart found in Malta?)

1007 BCE – Mystery Schools for Ceres and Rhea are established. Apparently, these were real women that were deified after death.

1002 BCE – Sesac builds temples and oracles to his father Ammon, causing the man to become worshiped as the god Jupiter Ammon in Thebes, Ammonia and Ethiopia.

987 BCE – Phoenician merchants bring a priestess of Jupiter Ammon to Greece. This is the beginning of oracles in Greece and of ‘worship of the dead,’ or ancestor worship.

974 BCE – Under Sesac, Jeroboam sets up the worship of Egyptian gods in Israel.

971 BCE – Sesac invades India. This is very far from the Mediterranean Sea!

968 BCE – Theseus overcomes the Minotaur. Really?

967 BCE – Sesac conquers Thrace. He has in his army Ethiopian men commanded by Pan and Libyan women commanded by Minerva. The Ethiopians skip or dance when entering battle. Because of their dancing, they are later painted with goat or satyr feet.

965 BCE – Sesac’s Libyan women are described as Amazons. His singing women, whom are apparently well known, are called Muses.

964 BCE – Following the advice of his secretary Thoth, Sesac builds temples to famous or important historical figures and institutes their worship after death. Sesac and his wife were renamed Osiris and Isis, and were worshiped all over Egypt. Also, Hercules is born in this year. Note that there are several different versions of Hercules in mythology.

963 BCE – The twelve gods of Egypt are introduced into Greece. They represent the Earth, the planets and elements.

960 BCE – The people of Lapithae war with the people of Thessaly, who are also called Centaurs (as in Centurions?).

956 BCE – Japetus kills his brother Sesac. Get this! Sesac was such a big deal that after death, he became deified all over the ancient world. In Africa, he became Neptune. In Egypt, he was Typhon. The Egyptians lamented Sesac’s death as O Sirus and Bou Sirus, which the Greeks heard as Osiris and Busirus. The Arabians called him Bacchus, which means the Great. The Phrygians called him Mafors / Mavors, later shortened to Mars. Sesac was painted as fighting the Africans with clubs and establishing pillars all over, and is identified with Hercules. (The Pillars of Hercules?) Sesac may also be Belus, who led a colony of Egyptians to Babylon, instituting an order of Chaldean priests. (If true, this could be very important, as Biblical Abraham allegedly came to Canaan from India through Ur of the Chaldeans.)

947 BCE – Ethiopia invades Egypt. Orus is drowned in the Nile. His sister Bubaste kills herself by jumping from a roof. His mother Isis / Astrea goes mad. Newton describes this as the end of the Reign of Gods in Egypt.

940 BCE – The Greeks build a diplomatic ship called Argo. (Jason and the Argonauts?)

939 BCE – Gingris, son of Thaos, is killed. He is deified with the name Adonis.

938 BCE – Fifty year-old Theseus kidnaps seven year-old Helena. Theseus is later captured and Helena released.

937 BCE – The Argonaut expedition begins. Hercules frees Prometheus. Hercules slays Laomedon, King of Troy. The Argonauts slay Talus, son of Minos. (Apparently Hercules is an Argonaut.)

936 BCE – Hercules frees Theseus.

934 BCE – Meleager slays the Cydonian Boar.

930 BCE – Amenophis leads an army from Ethiopia and Thebes into Lower Egypt. He drives out the Jews and Canaanites. This is called the second expulsion of the Shepherds. Also, Calycopis dies. She is deified with many names, including Venus. Her three waiting-women become the Three Graces.

928 BCE – The War of the Seven Captains against Thebes begins.

927 BCE – Hercules is deified.

925 BCE – Theseus is slain by being thrown from a rock.

919 BCE – Paris steals Helena.

912 BCE – Thaos, King of Cyprus, dies. His kingdom was part of Phoenicia. Because he provided good armor for the kings of Egypt, he is deified as Baal Canaan, shortened later to Vulcan. King Menes of Egypt was the first king to reign after the Gods. Menes built the city and temple of Memphis (then Menoph). The priests of Egypt later claimed this temple was one to ten thousand years older that it really was.

904 BCE – The fall of Troy.

901 BCE – Amenophis builds small temples in Cochome (location unknown).

896 BCE – Ulysses leaves Calypso at the island of Ogygie. According to Homer, Calypso was the daughter of Atlas. The island’s name was associated with Atlas and called Atlantis. The ancients feigned that this island was as big as Europe, Asia and Africa put together, and that it had sunk into the sea. (Could this be Malta, which some researchers associate with Atlantis? There is a cave in Malta reputed to be the cave of Calypso.)

887 BCE – Amenophis dies and is succeeded by Rameses.

883 BCE – Dido builds Carthage.

860 BCE – Maeris moves the capital of Egypt from Thebes to Memphis. He builds a Labyrinth and adds to the Temple of Vulcan. He also digs out the Lake of Maeris and builds two great pyramids made of brick.

852 BCE – Hazael, successor of Hadad, dies. Both are deified, along with Arathes, wife of Hadad. The Syrians boasted that these were ancient gods, but according to later Josephus, they didn’t know the gods were recent.

838 BCE – Cheops builds the Great Pyramid, forbidding the worship of any former kings, wanting that worship for himself.

824 BCE – Cephren builds another Great Pyramid.

808 BCE – Mycerinus builds a third Great Pyramid. He places the body of his deceased daughter in a hollow ox, causing her to be worshiped daily.

804 BCE – The Athenians war against the Spartans.

801 BCE – Nitrocus, sister of Mycerinus finishes the third Great Pyramid.

772 BCE – Astrology is invented in Egypt.

747 BCE – Egyptians take astrology and astronomy into Babylon.

710 BCE – Lycurgus takes the poems of Homer from Asia and into Greece.

701 BCE – Sevechus becomes King of Egypt and also a priest of Vulcan.

697 BCE – The Corinthians build the first Triremes.

647 BCE – Charops becomes the first Archon of the Athenians. Archons reign in a decennial succession (every ten years they are replaced). This is an odd mention of the word Archon, which is usually associated with Gnosticism.

627 BCE – Rome is built.

596 BCE – Phydon invents Weights and Measures, and the coining of silver money.

588 BCE – King Nebuchadnezzar burns the Temple of Solomon.

585 BCE – A solar eclipse ends the war between the Medes and the Lydians.

536 BCE – Jews found the second Temple of Solomon.

521 BCE – Darius kills the Persian Magi, and abolishes the multi-national religion of the Persians, who worship their ancient kings. Thanks to Darius’ father Hystaspes and also Zoroaster, the worship of a single god is established in Persia, with altars but without temples.

412 BCE – The sacred history of the Jews ends. Note that the male dominated Jewish priesthood, which still exists today, took over between 400 and 500 BCE.


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